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Solutions ⇒ Class 8th ⇒ Geography ⇒ Chapter 5. Industries

Solutions Chapter 5. Industries - Exercise NCERT | Class 8 Geography - Toppers Study

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Solutions Chapter 5. Industries - Exercise NCERT | Class 8 Geography - Toppers Study

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Chapter 5 Geography class 8

Exercise NCERT class 8 Geography Chapter Chapter 5. Industries

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Chapter 5. Industries

| Exercise NCERT |

Solutions Chapter 5. Industries - Exercise NCERT | Class 8 Geography - Toppers Study


Chapter 5. Industries


Q1. Answer the following questions.

(i) What is meant by the term ‘industry’?

Ans:- Industry refers to an economic activity that is concerned with production of goods extraction of minerals or provision of services.

(ii) Which are the main factors which influence the location of an industry?

Ans:- The location of industries is affected by the availability of raw material, land, water, labour, power, capital transport and market.

(iii) Which industry is often referred to as the backbone of modern industry and why?

Ans:- the iron and steel industry is referred to as the backbone of modem industry. This is so because it is the “feeder” industry whose products are used as raw materials for other industries. 

(iv) Why cotton textile industry rapidly expanded in Mumbai?

Ans:- cotton textile industries expanded rapidly in Mumbai because of the presence of the lot of favorable conditions. Warm and moist climate, port situated nearby to import machinery easy available for raw material and skilled labour are factor behind this.  

(v) What are the similarities between information technology industry in Bangalore and California?

Ans:- Some of the point of similarity between information technology industries in Bangalore and Silicon Valley are:

(i) Educational technological institutions: Bangalore has the largest number of educational institution and IT colleges in India and silicon valley is also situated close to some reputed scientific and technological centers of the world.

(ii) Environment both of Bangalore and silicon valley have low pollution levels and have a clean environment.   

Q2. Tick the correct answer.

(i) Silicon Valley is located in

(a) Bangalore

(b) California

(c) Ahmadabad

Ans:- (b) California

(ii) Which one of the following industries is known as sunrise industry?

(a) Iron and steel industry

(b) Cotton textile

(c) Information technology

Ans:- (c) Information technology

(iii) Which one of the following is a natural fiber?

(a) Nylon

(b) Jute

(c) Acrylic

Ans:- (b) jute

Q3. Distinguish between the followings.

(i) Agro-based and mineral based industry

Ans:-

 Agro-based industry

Mineral-based industry

 1. Agro-based industries use plant and animal based products as their raw material.

 2. Example of raw material used: animal skin, crops.

 3. Example of industries: lather industry, food processing.

 1. Mineral- based industries use mineral oves as their raw material.

 2. Example of raw material used: iron ore limestone.

 3. Example of industries: iron and steel industry.

(ii) Public sector and joint sector industry

Ans:-

Public sector industry

Joint sector industry

 1.  Public sector industries are owned an run the by government.

 2. Examples Hindustan Aeronautics limited.

 1. Joint sector industries are owned and operated by the state as well as indi-viduals.

 2. Examples Maruti udyog.

Q4. Give two examples of the following in the space provided.

(1) Raw Materials: _______________ and _________________________

(2) End product: _______________ and _________________________

(3) Tertiary Activities: ________________ and __________

(4) Agro-based Industries: ____________ and ____________

(5) Cottage Industries: ___________ and ________________

(6) Co-operatives: ______________________ and _____________

Ans:-

(1) oers, plants

(2) Cloths that we wear, a car.

(3) Trades, banking.

(4)  Food processing, leather industry

(5) Basket weaving, pottery.

(6) AMUL, sudha Dairy.

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